Air Clean Up
Emissions Cut at Cumbrian Steel Quarry
Sep 04 2012 Read 1267 Times
Scrubber technology designed, manufactured and installed by ACWA AIR (UK), has helped Tata Steel achieve a 40% reduction in atmospheric emissions from a second limestone kiln in Cumbria. Tata Steel operates four Maerz kilns at Shapfell, producing high grade lime for the iron and steel industries.
To control kiln emissions to specific levels set by the UK Environment Agency, each of the four kilns is installed with a wet scrubber at the top of the plant, some 100 feet above ground level. For many years, this impressive installation has provided a striking landmark for travellers making their way through Cumbria along the M6 motorway.
The four scrubbers have had their shells refurbished several times over their lifetimes, due to the abrasive nature of their operating environment - always ensuring that they achieved the required abatement levels. Recently, however, the scrubber on the No 3 kiln was in need of refurbishment and in line with Tata Steel’s pledge to minimise emissions on all their production processes, the company again asked ACWA AIR to reduce emission levels
Following a detailed site survey, ACWA AIR recommended that, concurrent with the shell refurbishment, the existing process should be modified to integrate its well proven venturi slot tray technology within the process. This would be more effective than the existing scrubbing technology and achieve much higher collection efficiencies.
Working within the constraints of the existing scrubber shell, ACWA AIR was able to engineer a venturi slot tray which provided lower emissions of dust, whilst making use of the existing scrubber vessel. The system integrated with the existing water and effluent pipe-work and gas seals and did not, in any way, impose any significant changes to the operation of the lime kiln.
The new scrubber shell was manufactured on Teesside by C B Construction, and the four slot plate section fabricated by ACWA AIR in Huddersfield.
The outage was meticulously planned to fit within an eight hour period. This included the total dismantling and removal of the existing No3 kiln scrubber shell from the kiln platform, the lifting in place of the new modified scrubber and restarting production on the kiln.
Following commissioning of the modified scrubber, independent tests have proved that emissions from the No3 lime kiln are consistently 40% less than previous values recorded before the refurbishments. Tata Steel also reported no adverse effects to the production process or kiln controls.
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