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  • World Coal-fired Power Plants Capacity to Grow by 35% in Next 10 Years

World Coal-fired Power Plants Capacity to Grow by 35% in Next 10 Years

Apr 30 2009 Read 1545 Times

World coal-fired power plant capacity will grow from 1,759,000 MW in 2010 to 2,384,000 MW in 2020. Some 80,000 MW will be replaced. So there will be 705,000 MW of new coal-fired boilers built. The annual new boiler sales will average 70,000 MW. The annual investment will be $140 billion. These are the most recent forecasts in Coal-fired Boilers: World Analysis and Forecastpublished by the McIlvaine Company (USA).

 
Coal-fired Power Plant Installed Capacity and CO2 Emissions
(Millions of tons)

Region
2010
2015
2020
China MW x 1000
709
827
917
China CO2 (millions of tons)
3416
3969
4401
U.S MW x 1000
332
353
377
U.S. CO2 (millions of tons)
1600
1694
1808
U.S. CO2 % of world
19
17
16
World MW x 1000
1759
2120
2384
World CO2 (millions of tons)
8443
10176
11443

 

Coal-fired power in Asia will rise to 1,464,000 MW in 2020 up from 918,000 MW this year. This will account for an increase in CO2 of 2.6 billion tons. So even if the U.S. and Europe were to cut CO2 emissions by far more than the targeted 20 percent, the total CO2 increase from Asia will offset it by a wide margin.
Coal-fired power in India will rise from 95,000 MW to 294,000 MW over the next 11 years. This accounts for the largest percentage rise (300) plus the biggest quantitative rise (199,000 MW). So India alone will increase CO2 by 955 million tons per year.
The U.S. presently operates coal-fired power plants at a much lower efficiency than those in Europe. Many of the new Chinese power plants are highly efficient. A number of small old power plants have been replaced. However within the last decade China has increased capacity from less than 50 percent to more than 200 percent of the U.S. capacity. Its CO2 emissions far exceed those from U.S. power plants. Since coal is also still burned in residential and commercial boilers, Chinese total coal burning CO2 emissons far exceed the U.S.
China and India have coal resources. Other Asian countries have access to supplies from Australia and other nearby sources. The cost of coal-fired power is low compared to the alternatives in the near-term. Since planning of new coal-fired power plants occurs as much as a decade in advance, there is not likely to be a major change in the forecast through 2020. Any impact of renewable energy in Asia is only likely to happen after 2020.

 

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